Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is infection of the reproductive organs of women.
This may include infection of
The infections that can cause PID include
PID can cause severe illnesses in a woman, requiring treatment in hospital. However, sometimes PID can occur without causing any signs or symptoms. That is, the woman may not feel sick and may not notice any change in her body. PID is a very serious disease because it can lead to long term problems.
PID is one of the leading causes of infertility in women. Women who have had PID may have difficulty becoming pregnant and if they do become pregnant, there may be problems with the pregnancy.
The primary risk factor for PID is infection with a sexually transmitted infection (STI) in particular, Chlamydia and gonorrhoea.
Risk factors for these STIs include
Women can have PID without any signs or symptoms. Women may notice
If you have symptoms suggestive of an STI or think you may have been exposed to one, you should seek medical attention immediately.
PID can be prevented by avoiding risky sexual behaviours. To reduce your risk
If you or your partner have more than one sexual partner and do not use condoms, have regular sexual health checkups.
If you think you may have been at risk of getting a sexually transmissible infection, you may be at risk of having PID. Have a sexual health check to be sure.