About one-third of infertility cases are due to problems with the man (male factors) and one-third are due to problems with the woman (female factors). Some of the causes of female fertility may include:
Other problems can also lead to complications with women's fertility. If the fallopian tubes are blocked, the egg can't travel through the tubes into the uterus. Blocked tubes may result from pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, or surgery.
Lifestyle factors may also affect female fertility. For example, smoking can damage the genetic material in eggs. A healthy weight can help with fertilization, whilst being both under- and overweight can contribute to infertility.
The primary sign of female infertility is the inability to conceive and sustain a pregnancy. Some of the symptoms of associated conditions that affect your menstrual cycle and ovulation may include:
You may be at a risk of female infertility if you have the following factors:
When you visit the clinic for infertility problems, your doctor will review your medical and sexual histories, and perform a thorough physical examination.
The first step in female fertility testing is to find out if you are ovulating each month. There are several ways to do this. For example, you can keep track of changes in your morning body temperature and texture of your cervical mucous. Another tool is a home ovulation test kit, which can be bought at a pharmacy. Checks of ovulation can also be done in your doctors office, using blood tests for hormone levels or ultrasound imaging of the ovaries. If you are ovulating, more tests will need to be done.
Some common female tests include:
Female infertility can be associated with many other conditions such as PCOS, endometriosis, uterine polyps, pituitary tumours, premature ovarian failure, hyperprolactinemia and cervical stenosis.
There are 2 types of female infertility:
Left untreated, you may not be able to get pregnant and have a baby.
Depending on the test results, different treatments can be suggested. Eighty-five to 90% of infertility cases are treated with drugs or surgery.
Various fertility drugs may be used for women with ovulation problems. It is important to talk with Dr Alex Polyakov about the drug to be used. You should understand the drugs benefits and side effects. Depending on the type of fertility drug and the dosage of the drug used, multiple births (such as twins) can occur in some women.
If needed, surgery can be done to repair damage to a womans ovaries, fallopian tubes, or uterus.
Your doctor may even suggest assisted reproductive techniques (ART) to assist with a particular step in the reproductive process.
Some of the alternative treatments for female infertility can include:
You may have reason to be concerned if you have been trying to get pregnant for at least one year and:
Some forms of infertility cannot be prevented, but there are a few factors that may increase your chances of becoming pregnant:
Extensive research is being done to find better treatment options for female infertility. Some of the recent studies are listed below: