In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a procedure made famous with the 1978 birth of Louise Brown, the world's first test-tube baby. IVF is often used when a woman's fallopian tubes are blocked or when a man has low sperm count. A drug is used to stimulate the ovaries to produce multiple eggs. Once mature, the eggs are removed and placed in a culture dish with the man's sperm for fertilisation. After about 40 hours, the eggs are examined to see if they have become fertilised by the sperm and are dividing into cells. These fertilised eggs (embryos) are then placed in the woman's uterus, thus bypassing the fallopian tubes.
If you are struggling to become pregnant after a year of trying, you might be considering the risks and benefits of IVF. Dr Alex Polyakov is a skilled and experienced physician in Melbourne regarding the IVF process.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a complex clinical procedure that helps to achieve conception by treating existing infertility or genetic problems. IVF is a time-consuming, expensive and an invasive procedure, which takes around 2 weeks for the completion of a single fertilisation cycle. The IVF process involves collecting matured eggs from the ovaries and combining them with the sperm in the laboratory. After fertilisation, the eggs are implanted into the womans uterus.
The IVF process can be completed with eggs and sperm from the bodies of the couple trying to get pregnant, but eggs and sperm from donors, or eggs that have been frozen or preserved at a fertility clinic, can be used as well.
The most common indications for IVF include:
The steps involved in an IVF treatment are:
As the embryo transfer is carried out under the guidance of ultrasound, you will have a full bladder during the procedure. You will be able to empty the bladder after the procedure. For the first two days after an embryo transfer you should refrain from heavy lifting, physical activity like running or aerobics, swimming, alcohol, smoking and intercourse. You can do a pregnancy test 10 days after embryo transfer to confirm pregnancy.
As with any surgical procedure risks and complications can occur. The possible complications associated with specific steps of an IVF include:
If you feel that IVF is right for you and your family, please dont hesitate to contact Dr Alex Polyakov in Melbourne to schedule an appointment and discuss your options.
The primary advantage of IVF is the achievement of a successful pregnancy and healthy birth. It allows couples who are otherwise unable to get pregnant, to have a baby.
Other advantages include:
The disadvantages of IVF include:
IVF success is not only restricted to the attainment of pregnancy, but also the birth of a healthy child without any related complications. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), IVF results in an average of 29.4% pregnancy and 22.4% live births.
As with most therapeutic procedures, IVF may be associated with certain risks and complications such as: