What is laparoscopic myomectomy?
Laparoscopic myomectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure performed to excise uterine fibroids.
Your surgeon will cut the fibroid into pieces using laser, cryotherapy (extreme cold) or cautery (extreme heat), and remove them through a small incision made in the abdominal wall. A larger incision is required if the fibroid is removed without being cut into pieces. In some cases, the fibroid is removed through the vagina by a process called colpotomy.
Following the excision, the defects are irrigated to control bleeding and sutured.
Your surgeon separates the uterus from the surrounding organs and blood vessels, by ligating and sealing the open ends. The uterus is then removed via the abdominal incision or vagina. Your surgeon will also remove the ovaries only if you have a risk of developing ovarian or breast cancer. Usually, the ovaries are spared.
What can I expect after surgery?
Following laparoscopic surgery, you may be able to go home after a nights stay in the hospital. An open approach may require a longer stay. You will be prescribed pain medication to keep you comfortable and advised to move around after the surgery.
What are the pros and cons of fibroid removal surgeries?
The laparoscopic approach to fibroid treatment is associated with more advantages than open surgery. These include:
An added advantage of myomectomy is the ability to preserve your fertility. However, laparoscopic myomectomy may be associated with challenges in suturing the defect left after the removal of the fibroid as well as the detection and removal of small uterine fibroids, and large fibroids from difficult locations such as lower region of the uterus or junction of the cervix.
On the other hand, while you will not be able to conceive in the future after hysterectomy, the complete removal of the uterus and sometimes the ovaries as well, ensures complete cure of fibroids.